Cleft Palate/Cleft Lip
For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you.
As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.
- Breathing Problems
- Snoring/Sleep Apnea
- Sore Throat
- Ear Infection
- Hearing Loss
- Mouth Sores
- Neck Pain
- Head and Neck Cancers
- Oral Cancers
The inner ear serves two purposes: hearing and balance. There are mechanisms in the ear that inform the brain about your position, orientation in space and movement and all times — to keep you in balance. A false sensation of spinning or whirling, known as vertigo, can occur when the signal to the brain is blocked or misfires. Read More »
The ear is made up of three sections: the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear. Each of these areas is susceptible to infections, which can be painful. Young children have a greater tendency to get earaches. While most ear pain resolves itself in a matter of days, you should get a physical examination to understand the type of infection, prevent it from spreading and obtain treatment to help alleviate the pain. Read More »
Hearing loss has a lot of different causes and manifestations. It can be sudden or gradual. It can occur in one ear or both ears. It can be temporary or permanent. It happens to people of all ages and is associated with the aging process. Before discussing causes and treatments for hearing loss, it is important to understand how hearing works. Read More »
There are a variety of sores that can occur in or around the mouth. Most are benign, but some may be indicative of cancer.Read More »
Neck pain is often a result of overuse of the muscles and ligaments in the neck from sports, recreational activities, work or household chores. It is generally characterized by stiffness, a kink or severe pain in the neck, shoulders, upper back and/or arms. Neck pain can also be caused by stress, trauma or injury or may be a symptom of the flu or meningitis. Read More »
The nose serves three primary functions: to warm, humidify and filter air as it passes into the body. Breathing problems may impact one or multiple of these functions. Breathing problems can be temporary or chronic, mild or severe, but they usually increase with age. Read More »
Snoring is a noise produced during sleep that originates in the back of the throat or nose. Snoring occurs when the muscles in the back of the mouth, tongue and throat relax while sleeping, which narrows or blocks the airway. Breathing causes your uvula (soft palate) to vibrate and knock against the back of the throat, resulting in the snoring sound. Read More »
Everyone experiences sore throats when they have a cold or flu. But there are other reasons for sore throats that may be symptomatic of more serious problems.Read More »
Most head and neck cancers are relatively preventable since they are highly correlated with tobacco use and alcohol consumption. They are also generally curable if caught early. Symptoms to watch out for include pain swallowing, trouble breathing, ear pain, a lump in the neck that lasts longer than two weeks, a growth in the mouth and bleeding from the mouth, nose or throat.Read More »
Oral cancers appear as red or white patches of mouth tissue or small ulcers that look like a canker sores, but are painless. Oral cancers usually form on the tongue or floor of the mouth, but can occur on any tissue in and around the mouth.Read More »
Cleft palate/cleft lip are the most common types of birth defects. About one baby in 2,000 is born with a cleft palate and one in 1,000 is born with a cleft lip. Cleft palate/cleft lips occur when the two sides of either the roof of the mouth (palate) or the lips fail to fuse together in the embryo. The cause of this birth defect is unknown. The incidence of cleft palate alone is about 30% of these defects; of cleft lip alone is about 20% of these defects and both cleft palate and cleft lip in about 50% of these defects.
A cleft palate forms in either the hard palate (roof of the mouth) or soft palate (uvula) or both. Because the baby can't suck or swallow normally, cleft palate is often associated with feeding problems, speech and hearing difficulties, an increase in ear and sinus infections and dental problems. It may also impair a child's physical, psychological and language development. Cleft palate can be repaired via surgery, which is generally conducted between 12 and 18 months. Additional surgery is often required to fully correct the defect.
Cleft lip occurs when the upper lip fails to fuse together and instead forms one or two fissures, known as clefts. The cleft can be small, such as a notch, or it may extend from the base of the upper lip to the nose. Fortunately, cleft lip is easy to diagnose (at birth) and can be corrected through plastic surgery.